Afghanistan

SPI: 13.38

Species Protection Index Average: 41

National Report Card: Afghanistan

The terrain of land-locked Afghanistan is composed of rugged mountains and plains, in a semi-arid to arid climate. Its natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, and coal, as well as zinc and other minerals. Most of the country is used for human activities, primarily as rangeland. Afghanistan has high biodiversity rarity of terrestrial land vertebrates at a global scale. When analysed as single taxons, the rarity of amphibians, mammals and reptiles is also high. The natural environment is challenged by water insecurity resources; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation; desertification; and pollution in overcrowded urban areas.
3.56%

of land currently protected

1085

total land vertebrate species

5

endemic land vertebrate species

Species of significant conservation interest

Snow Leopard

9
amphibians / 1 endemic
792
birds / 0 endemic
139
mammals / 0 endemic
145
reptiles / 0 endemic

Information on this page was sourced from the CIA World Factbook and the Half-Earth Project Map.

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